Same-Sex Marriage in Texas

From March 20 to April 13, 2017, ESRL employees and undergraduate students administered a post-election survey to Texas voters. Respondents were asked two questions about same-sex marriage in Texas. The first question asked voters whether same-sex marriage should be recognized by the law as valid. The second question asked respondents whether same-sex married couples are entitled to the legal benefits of marriage.

Same Sex Marriage Recognized by the Law in Texas

Do you think marriages between gay and lesbian couples should or should not be recognized by the law as valid?

Should be recognized as valid 64%

Should NOT be recognized as valid 28%

Don’t Know 4%

Refuse 3%

According to the results, 64% of Texas voters believe that marriage between same-sex couples should be recognized by the law as valid. Twenty-eight percent of Texas voters believe that same-sex couples should not be recognized by the law as valid.

Marriage Benefits for Same-Sex Couples in Texas

The Texas Supreme Court will soon hear a case regarding whether same-sex married couples are entitled to the legal benefits of marriage (such as insurance coverage for a spouse). Do you think same-sex married couples are entitled to the full benefits of marriage?

Yes, they are entitled to the full benefits 68%

No, they are NOT entitled to the full benefits 27%

Don’t Know 3%

Refuse 1%

Most Texas voters (68%) think that same-sex married couples are entitled to the legal benefits of marriage, while 28% think that same-sex married couples are not entitled.

Party ID & Same-Sex Marriage Recognized by the Law in Texas

Republican

Democrat Independent

Something Else

Valid

35%

75% 82%

76%

Not Valid

52%

16% 15%

20%

Don’t Know

7%

6% 1%

2%

Refuse

7%

3% 1%

2%

 

When compared to party identification, the majority of Democrats (75%), Independents (82%), and respondents who identify with a different political party (76%) think that same-sex marriage should be recognized by the law as valid. The majority of Republicans (52%) think that same-sex marriage should not be recognized by the law as valid.

Party ID & Marriage Benefits for Same-Sex Couples in Texas

Republican

Democrat Independent

Something Else

Are entitled to full benefits

37%

86% 85%

79%

Are not entitled to full benefits

55%

11% 12%

20%

Don’t Know

5%

2% 3%

Refuse

3%

<1%

1%

 

When compared to party identification, the majority of Democrats (86%), Independents (85%), and respondents who identify with a different political party (79%) think that same-sex married couples are entitled to the legal benefits of marriage. Most Republicans (55%) think that same-sex married couples are not entitled to the legal benefits of marriage.

______________________________________________________________

From March 20 to April 13, 2017, ESRL employees and undergraduate students conducted interviews as part of a class project who were enrolled in Political Analysis, taught by Dr. Jared Perkins, and Introduction to American Government, taught by Dr. Sara Norman.

The employees and students called registered voters in the state of Texas and had 442 completed surveys. Interviews were administered on both landline (28%) and cell phones (72%). The margin of error was ±4.6 at the 95% confidence interval. The sample was weighted based on age from the 2015 population estimate obtained from the Texas Demographic Center

The codebook can be found here: ESRL Spring 2017 Survey.

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